It is easy to make decisions based on beliefs or what one thinks is correct. It is also common to believe that something is correct because it is “common sense” or it is “intuitively obvious.” In reality, we tend to make decisions based on erroneous thinking and sometimes confuse facts and beliefs. The readings this week will help you to more clearly see the difference and why scientific methods are so important to critical thinking.
To prepare for this paper
?Read the Study Notes, Psychology as a Science.(will up-load)
?Read the three articles assigned for this week: Douglas (2000); Paul and Elder (2003); and Pope (1998). (will up-load)
?Think about the difference between and among common sense, beliefs, and science.
?Consider the concept of “belief perseverance.”
?Think about how the above concepts relate to critical thinking and to being a scholar-practitioner in your area(s) of interest.
With these thoughts in mind:
Give an explanation of the difference between common sense and science, the connections between common sense and people?s beliefs, and how this all relates to critical thinking and to being a scholar-practitioner in your area(s) of interest. Include your definition of “belief perseverance” and explain how it interferes with critical thinking. Share at least one strategy you would employ (or have employed) to ensure critical thinking in the presence of a personal belief system.
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