Please read this carefully and follow the instructions and pay attention to the detail. Its critical that all areas are addressed as requested in the following assignment. In this study we return to the New York firemen study (Bacharach & Bamberger, 2007). Several individual and group-level variables are operationalized as scales. Case Assignment You are to continue to develop your critique of the Bacharach et al study, according to the following outline: Examine each of the scales carefully. The full text of each scale can be found in the Background Info, with the exception of the Monnier et al. (2002) scale (“Intensity of Involvement in 9/11”). Discuss the face validity of the scales. Do they seem to measure what they’re supposed to measure? Why or why not? Are there any items of any of the scales that you would be reluctant to answer truthfully, if you were not guaranteed anonymity? Does any item, on any scale, seem ambiguous or open to multiple interpretations? For each scale, what is the response set? Are there negatively worded items? If so, which items? The DASS-21 survey consists of 21 items that, together measure three separate constructs: depression, anxiety, and stress. As an exercise in psychological intuition, and to illustrate the difficulties of scale construction, read the 21 items and attempt to sort them into three “bins:” those that are related to depression, anxiety, and stress, respectively. Also comment on the sampling involved in this study. How would you characterize the sample? What are its strengths? Any weaknesses? What might be some reasons why the sampling practice in this study is less than perfect? Any advice you’d offer on how it could have been improved? Case assignment expectations As noted, a critique is a review and commentary (usually in the range of 3-5 pages, not including cover page or reference page) on a particular article(s) or piece(s) of research. It is not necessarily critical in the negative sense, although you may need to comment negatively on some aspects; both positive and negative aspects should be treated. Just because something appears in print, even in an A-list journal, does not make it free from possible errors or beyond criticism; nothing should be necessarily taken at face value. In this case, your critique should follow the above outline. You will be particularly assessed on: Your ability to see what the module is all about — the “big picture” is the issue of scaling variables, as well as sampling procedures — and to structure your paper accordingly. The degree to which you effectively respond to all the points in the outline Your informed commentary and analysis — this is as important as your summary of the material in the article — simply repeating what the article says does not constitute an adequate paper. Your ability to apply the professional language and terminology of research correctly and in context – the module home page defines the critical terms relevant to the module’s topics, and you are expected to be familiar with this language and use it appropriately. Your effective and appropriate use of in-text citations to the assigned readings and other source material to support your arguments. Refer to the Purdue University APA formatting and style guide (see required readings, Module 1) for the proper formats. BACKGROUND MATERIAL: Bacharach, S. & Bamberger, P. (2007). 9/11 and New York City firefighters’ post hoc unit support and control climates: A context theory of the consequences of involvement in traumatic work-related events. The Academy of Management Journal, 50 (4): 849-868. Retrieved May 25, 2009, from http://web.ebscohost.com.lb-proxy6.touro.edu/ehost/viewarticle?dat a=dGJyMPPp44rp2%2fdV0%2bnjisfk5Ie46bFOsqi1Srak63nn5Kx95uXxjL6rrUq0pbBIr q%2beSbimtVKzrp5oy5zyit%2fk8Xnh6ueH7N%2fiVaunsk2zqK9Lr6%2b1PurX7H%2b72% 2bw%2b4ti7evLepIzf3btZzJzfhruotEq1r69Qrpzkh%2fDj34y75uJ%2bxOvqhNLb9owA& hid=105 Figley, C. (2008). Impact of Event Scale Revised. Retrieved May 17, 2010, from http://www.atft.org/research/Impact%20of%20Event%20Scale%20-%20Revised.htm Mugo, F. (n.d. ). Sampling in research. Retrieved May 17, 2010, from http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/tutorial/Mugo/tutorial.htm University of New South Wales (UNSW) (n.d. a) Overview of the DASS and its uses. Retrieved from http://www2.psy.unsw.edu.au/groups/dass//over.htm on 25 Feb 2008. University of New South Wales (UNSW) (n.d. b). DASS21 survey form. Retrieved from http://www2.psy.unsw.edu.au/groups/dass//Down_W6_US/dass21.doc on 25 Feb 2008. Trochim, W. (2006). Research methods knowledge base: Scaling. Retrieved November 15, 2009, from http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/scalgen.php
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