Research paper must be 14 pages, double spaced, 12 point font, 1 inch margins. APA style. Seven sources. Below is synopsis on proposed research paper titled “illegal adoptions” submitted 3 weeks ago. Sources used on synopsis are NOT required to be used on final research paper. Below is submitted synopsis: The Hague Conference on Private Law recognized the difficulties and challenges associated with international adoptions and in an effort to protect those involved from the corruption and exploitation developed the Convention on Protection of Children and Co-Operation in respect to Inter-Country Adoptions (CPCCIA). Description: The Convention states “adoptions are made in the best interests of the child and with respect for his or her fundamental rights, and to prevent the abduction, the sale of, or traffic in children (HHCH, 1993)”. Unfortunately, the requirements necessary to begin the process of international adoption can vary depending on the country of the adoptive parent(s). In Paraguay, “Miss Gomez, a 23 year old mother, left her 14th month old daughter, Cintia Carolina, in the care of a cousin while she went to visit her godmother nearby on the night of Aug. 28, 1993. When Miss Gomez returned a few hours later, her only child had disappeared. Relatives later told her that her cousin, had sold Cintia for international adoption. Miss Gomez’s cousin was charged with stealing the child (Schemo, 1996)”. In Vietnam, the U.S Ambassador to Hanoi wrote “”These cases offer compelling proof that Vietnamese government run clinics and orphanages are actively engaged in baby buying and are lying to birth mothers to secure children for international adoption. Further, when wrongdoing is exposed, rather than investigating corrupt local officials, the police and the Vietnamese Department of International Adoptions are prepared to use their considerable power to ‘correct the situation’ by forcing witnesses and even birth mothers to recant the statements they gave to consular officers so that the adoptions can be completed (Graf, 2010).” Child laundering is a more precise term that refers to the stealing of children who are then sold to adoptive parents as legitimate “orphans”. In both Vietnam and Paraguay, their adoption policies were poorly regulated and local corruption was quite prominent. In Indonesia, a contentious issue in an adoption law is an article that requires all parents who want to adopt to be of the same religion as the child (Setiogi, 2004). The chairwoman of the government-sanctioned adoption agency expressed fear that illegal adoptions, “baby marketings” would increase due to this discriminatory practice. China is the one major country where girls adopted far outnumber boys; due to the Chinese culture’s son preference in combination with the official planned birth policy implemented in 1979, about 95% of Chinese children adopted are girls. So, it is most fitting to propose a research topic on international Adoption Law. The anticipated information to be found in researching this issue is but not limited to: international laws intended to support and protect children during the adoption process as well as ways the international legal system fails to protect children from illegal adoptions or prevents children from being adopted at all. ** While most laws regarding international adoption are in place for the protection and best interest of the child and focus on such broad parameters of trafficking, the laws also have the indirect, but also highly important, effect of protecting the unsuspecting adoptive parents whom believe they are in fact adopting an orphan. What is the recourse for those adoptive parents? Research Question: How does international law support and protect children during the adoption process? And, do international legal systems fail to protect children from illegal adoptions or prevent children from being adopted at all? ** The CPCCIA can be an arduous piece of legislation for the most experience legal mind to decipher the delicate nuances at play, thus making an already complicated and stressful process even moreso for the prospective adoptive parents and adoption agencies in the host country. Many potential adoptive parents opt to pay for legal services in the U.S. or host country and also turn to embassies to clarify the adoption process under CPCCIA. However, while the process was created to make a more transparent proces , it’s demanding regulations have left many opting to adopt within their own country, leaving the overpopulated orphanages in third world countries remaining that way. Potential Literature and Resources: Graff, E.J. (2010) Anatomy of an Adoption Crisis, Foreign Policy, 12 September 2010, accessed on 19 January 2011retrieved from http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/09/07/anatomy_of_an_adoption_crisis?page=0,5 Hague Adoption Convention. (1993) The Hague Convention of 29 May 1993 on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption. Accessed on 19 Januarya 2010 Retrieved from: http://www.hcch.net/index_en.php?act=text.display&tid=45 Schemo, Diana. (1996) The Baby Trial: A Special Report; Adoptions in Paraguay; Mothers Cry Theft, New York Times, 19 March 1996 Accessed on 19 January 2011 retrieved from http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9903E0DC1739F93AA25750C0A960958260&pagewanted=3 Setiogi, Sari. (2010). Adoption Law “encourages” illegal adoptions, Jakarta Post, 19 November 2004 accessed on 19 January 2011 retrieved from http://www.thejakartapost.com/detailheadlines.asp?fileid=20041119.A03&irec=5
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