White Collar Crime Custom Essay

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1. You?re a researcher. You take damaged rental cars to body
shops and get estimates for repair. At each shop, you get
two estimates: one for a car covered by insurance, one for a
car not covered by insurance. This is a/an _______
experiment.
A. laboratory C. natural
B. field D. unnatural
2. You believe that individuals commit crimes because there?s a
difference between what they want and what society
demands. You take the _______ approach.
A. sociobiological C. sociogenetic
B. power theory D. Freudian
3. The person who has contributed most to the study of white
collar crime was a professional
A. victimologist. C. criminologist.
B. psychologist. D. lawyer.
4. You?re a sociologist who wishes to characterize and define white collar crime. You wouldn?t characterize a con artist as a white collar criminal because a con artist
A. is young. C. has a number of victims.
B. lacks status. D. breaks laws related to burglary.
5. Susan committed many crimes during her tenure with a leading Northeastern corporation.
Which of the following crimes that Susan committed is never considered white collar crime?
A. Burglary of her boss?s home C. Postal and wire fraud
B. Securities fraud D. Bank embezzlement
6. You explain criminal behavior by stating that there are alleged differences in criminal
propensities among members of different social classes or groups. Which explanation
do you use?
A. Psychological C. Sociogenetic
B. Biogenetic D. Demonic
7. As a researcher, you study the expectations of the culture of a particular business
where crime has been committed. Which approach is this?
A. Mesolevel C. Microlevel
B. Macrolevel D. Relative level
8. You?re studying women who are involved in white collar crime. You find that most of the women you interview give what reason for their criminal activity?
A. Everyone else was doing it. C. My family needed the money.
B. I felt I would not get caught. D. I felt like taking a risk.
9. Which cartoonist was instrumental in bringing down William Marcy Tweed in New York?
A. Thomas Nast C. Gary Trudeau
B. Herbock D. Homer Davenport
10. Which twentieth-century figure is widely credited with establishing the consumer movement?
A. Bob Woodward C. E. H. Sutherland
B. Ralph Nader D. Upton Sinclair
11. You?re a social reformer writing a book about white collar crime. Where will you get your best information?
A. Local police C. Business competitors
B. Small, local newspapers D. Whistleblowers
12. Roger is a well-respected vice president who defrauds his clients. When he’s caught, he says, ?I guess I always wanted to punish myself.? This goes along with which view of white collar crime?
A. Crime coercive C. Psychoanalytical
B. Amoral calculator D. Theory of anomie
13. Frank is an executive at a firm that manufactures bicycles. He?s responsible for preparing the annual report for the stockholders. He?s guilty of inflating the projected profits of his company and hiding some of its costs in this report. What kind of crime is this?
A. Avocational C. Contrepreuneurial
B. Corporate D. Enterprise
14. In his study of white collar crime, what primarily motivated E. H. Sutherland?
A. A family member who perished in a factory accident
B. Loss of his family fortune in the crash of 1929
C. Payments by the university that sponsored him
D. Sense of unfairness of crime by the ?respectable class?
15. You?re an investor in the stock market. In more than 10 years of careful investing, you?ve earned an average of 11 percent return on your money each year. After the collapse of Enron, you withdraw your money from the market and put it in a savings account, which returns only 2.5 per cent a year. This is an example of what kind of cost of white collar crime?
A. Indirect C. Residual economic
B. Physical D. Direct cost
16. You?re a middle manager in a large accounting agency. You?re aware that the CFO (chief financial officer) is engaging in illegal activities and expects you to do this same.
What kind of organization is this an example of?
A. Marxist C. Crime facilitative
B. Crime coercive D. Sociogenic
17. A positivistic approach is one that
A. generally rejects traditional scientific methods.
B. tends to focus on the social construction of the meaning of white collar crime.
C. uses interpretive observation and qualitative methods.
D. applies scientific techniques to the study of white collar crime.
18. You?re a researcher who is observing, but not manipulating, a real-world situation to
identify the effect of some relevant independent variable. This is called a/an _______
experiment.
A. laboratory C. natural
B. field D. unnatural
19. _______ theory rejects the consensus notion of the social world as an organic or integrated
system. It?s concerned with identifying how the values and interests of different groups collide because the more powerful groups in society are more able to influence the character and content of the law.
A. Rational choice C. Conflict
B. Routine activities D. Labeling
20. Your grandmother and grandfather invested heavily in Enron. When Enron stock collapsed, your grandfather suffered a fatal stroke and died. Your grandmother became clinically depressed. Because she didn?t take care of the mortgage payments, she lost her home and moved in with your parents. The experience of your grandmother and grandfather is an example of
A. psychological trauma.
B. victim blaming.
C. natural experiment.
D. direct costs of white collar crime.

part 2 :

Questions 1?20: Select the one best answer to each question.

1. You?re a college professor. You own stock in a company that produces over-the-counter drugs. You write an article in which you quote from the annual report of the company. The point of your article is that the company is the best on the market. Of what are you guilty?
A. Fraud C. Plagiarism
B. Falsifying data D. Conflict of interest
2. Which of the following was a very early form of recognition
of the need for some legal controls on corporations?
A. East Indies Company Act
B. The South Sea Bubble Act
C. The Oxford Act
D. Mediterranean Sea Bubble Act
3. You go to a shoe store in New York and purchase a pair of sneakers. The sneakers are made in Sri Lanka. The company that produces them has its headquarters in London, England. This company is an example of what kind of corporation?
A. Oligopoly C. Transnational
B. Conglomerate D. Joint-stock
4. The Sherman Antitrust Act outlawed monopolies and was designed to break the hold of one particular company on a market. However, your textbook notes that a small number of corporations control up to two-thirds of the market for cars, tires, and aircraft. If monopolies are against the law, how does this happen?
A. Mergers of companies C. Pressure by stockholders
B. Corporate transgressions D. Lack of accountability
5. You?re applying for a credit card. In the line where the form asks for your income, you
write a figure that?s $10,000 more than you earn annually. This is an example of _______ crime.
A. occasional property C. avocational
B. mundane D. folk
6. You?re a manager of a large retail store. The store has posted recent high losses of supplies that were delivered and paid for, but which aren?t in the storage rooms. What is the most effective way to solve this problem?
A. Hire security personnel to watch for shoplifting.
B. Increase sales staff.
C. Assign managers to watch for employee theft.
D. Install burglar alarms and motion-activated lights.
7. Who has been accused of being the biggest tax cheat in American history?
A. Albert J. Pirro C. Walter Anderson
B. John Green D. Albert Braithwaite
8. Joan Taylor owns a company manufacturing high-priced baby lotions and other baby products. She claimed that her lotions increase circulation, add necessary vitamins to babies? skin, and makes babies less susceptible to colds. The FDA studied her lotions and discovered that this claim was untrue and in fact the lotions made some infants sick. Of what crime is she possibly guilty?
A. Price fixing C. False advertising
B. Self-dealing D. Corporate stealing
9. The National Labor Relations Act is intended to put an end to
A. corporate stealing. C. false advertisement.
B. child employment. D. unfair worker policies.
10. Historically, the earliest ?proto-corporations? were which of the following?
A. Churches C. Trusts
B. South Sea D. East India
11. You?re shopping at a major discount retailer. You find a drill for sale at a substantially lower price than it?s advertised at a small mom-and-pop hardware store in town. This is an example of
A. predatory pricing. C. retail crime.
B. defrauding the poor. D. caveat emptor.
12. You?re a nurse at a private hospital. You observe that a patient?s insurance companies are billed for tests which haven?t been given to the patient. Of what kind of crime is this an example?
A. Occupational C. Avocational
B. Corporate D. State
13. You work for a nationally franchised tax preparation company. Your manager encourages you to offer a high-interest loan against the tax return to your low-income customers. If you do so, you?ll deprive your customer of a federal tax credit. Of what kind of crime is this an example?
A. Retail C. Federal
B. Legal D. Employee
14. You?re the manager of a four-unit apartment building. You deposit rents into the checking account for the owner and pay his electric and gas bill and his taxes. One year you?re behind in your income taxes, and you write a check on his account to pay your tax bill. The next month, you pay back the money in full. What is this called?
A. Wages-in-kind C. Sabotage
B. Embezzlement D. Inventory shrinkage
15. You?re a female cashier at a large discount department store. When you go on break,
you discover that someone has broken into the locker where you store your purse and
has taken money from your wallet. Of what kind of crime is this an example?
A. White collar C. Employee
B. Retail D. Workplace
16. What is the single greatest cause of premature death in the United States?
A. Automobile accidents C. Airplane crashes
B. Heart disease D. Accidents at work
17. You?re the CEO of a major American corporation. Corporate and individual income tax provides three-fourths of federal tax revenue. Revenue loss from tax cheats costs the United States $300 billion per year. What are the chances that the IRS will audit the tax return of your company?
A. About 1 in 25 C. About 1 in 250
B. About 1 in 50 D. About 1 in 500
18. You?re a college professor. You receive 105 term papers from your class of students.
When you look at them, you realize that 46 of these appear to have been purchased from an agency that sells term papers. You want to take action against these students, but you hesitate. Why?
A. If you?re wrong, a student?s parents may sue you.
B. Cheating isn?t that serious.
C. All students cheat from time to time.
D. It?s difficult to prove that you?re correct.
19. Retail crime and service fraud are occupational crimes often committed by
A. doctors. C. small businesses.
B. lawyers. D. academics.
20. When pro-labor workers are intimidated or fired by their company for organizing, what
type of white collar crime is this?
A. Occupational C. Avocational
B. Corporate D. State

part 3 :

Questions 1?20: Select the one best answer to each question

1. You?re an officer at a Savings and Loan in Oklahoma. A highprofile local businessman comes to you with a proposal to develop an oil property. He hasn?t done any geological studies to prove there?s oil in the land, and he has no money of his own to put into the deal. You approve a large loan. What is
this called?
A. Unlawful risk taking C. Predatory lending
B. Money laundering D. Insider trading
2. You?re a real estate broker. There?s vacant industrial land in
your town that can?t be developed because it?s badly polluted.
You offer it for sale to investors from out of town and
tell them it?s prime building space. What type of crime is
this?
A. Enterprise C. Technocrime
B. Organized D. Contrepreneurial
3. You?ve taken out a mortgage on your home. After making payments for one year, you receive a letter from the finance company that holds your mortgage. The letter tells you that interest rates are going up, and you must pay more. When you protest, the officer of the finance company tells you that you didn?t read your contract carefully enough and there?s nothing you can do. You must pay the increase. What is this technique called?
A. Abuse of power C. State-corporate crime
B. Unlawful risk taking D. Predatory lending
4. According to your textbook, the American bombing of the Japanese city of Nagasaki
can be described as a/an
A. crime of globalization. C. abuse of power.
B. state-organized crime. D. political crime.
5. What can the government of ex-Indonesian president Suharto be described as?
A. Criminal state C. Negligent state
B. Repressive state D. Corrupt state
6. You?re a young mother who wants the best for her baby. You purchase a high-priced baby monitor from a salesperson who stops at your house. When you install the monitor, it doesn?t work. You?re the victim of
A. fraud. C. penny-weighting.
B. laying paper. D. boosting.
7. You and your husband are trying hard to live within your budget since he was laid off.
One day he comes home with a ?blue box.? If you install this, you can cut your phone bill in half. If you install this, you could be guilty of
A. fraud. C. technocrime.
B. a Ponzi scheme. D. insider trading.
8. You reside on Indian tribal lands in a large Western state. A multinational firm has made a deal with your home state to develop mineral rights on your land, but hasn’t paid the residents of the tribal lands their fair share of the profits from this development.
Of what is this an example?
A. State-corporate crime C. Wholesale terrorism
B. State facilitated crime D. Abuse of power
9. Which of the following describes a state that responds too slowly and ineffectively to
the AIDS epidemic?
A. Criminal C. Negligent
B. Repressive D. Corrupt
10. You?re an officer at the World Bank. You approve a project in a remote valley of Southeast Asia. This project involves building a dam that will create an immense lake that will flood many acres of land, meaning that hundreds of people will have to relocate.
It will also create a waterfall that can be used for hydroelectric power. You could be accused of
A. finance crime. C. unlawful risk taking.
B. crime of globalization. D. insider trading.
11. According to the textbook, the shuttle Challenger disaster is an alleged high-profile
example of which of the following crimes?
A. State repressive C. Globalized
B. State organized D. State-corporate
12. Agents of the state liquor control board interrupt the senior class high school dance at your daughter?s school. They force the cancellation of the dance because they?re acting on a tip that there have been illegal sales of liquor to minors at the dance. This is an example of
A. anarchy. C. political scandal.
B. abuse of power. D. acts of a criminal state.
13. A group of criminals succeeds by providing goods that are in demand, but are illegal.
This group can be described as part of a/an _______ crime.
A. organizational C. syndicated
B. state-corporate D. avocational
14. Your state legislator has been found guilty of using state funds to purchase a vacation
home. What kind of crime is this?
A. Governmental C. State
B. Political white collar D. Political
15. You?re approached by a well-groomed man wearing a business suit. He offers you an opportunity to get in on the ground floor of a lucrative business. He explains that the initial investment may seem large, but that there?s much more money to be made.
This man may be a _______ criminal.
A. career C. forger
B. syndicated D. contrepreneurial
16. Which of the following governmental crimes occurs when the state or its agents violate
laws to accomplish some improper or prohibited objective?
A. Abuse of power C. Corruption
B. Bribery D. Anarchism
17. Your nephew works for a pharmaceutical company. Over dinner, he says, ?I shouldn’t tell you this, but it?s big news. In 10 days, we?ll be releasing a drug that will cure cancer. I’m buying as much stock as I can now in our company, and you should, too.?
You go ahead and buy a lot of stock in the company. This is an example of
A. money laundering. C. insider trading.
B. conflict of interest. D. penny stocks fraud.
18. You work for a brokerage firm. Other employees in your office are encouraged to purchase a particular stock that costs two dollars. You ask what?s going on. They say, ?We?re buying to drive the price up. Sell as many of these as you can over the phone, the price will go up to four dollars a share, and then we?ll sell. If you do too, you?ll make a nice profit.? This is called
A. penny stock fraud. C. a Ponzi scheme.
B. predatory lending. D. technocrime.
19. This group of criminals provides goods for which there?s a demand but no legal supply.
Who are they?
A. Contrepreneurial criminals C. Con artists
B. Syndicated crime D. Political criminals
20. Piracy is one of the earliest forms of which of the following crimes?
A. State-organized C. State repressive
B. Political white collar D. State-corporate

part 4 :

Questions 1?20: Select the one best answer to each question.

1. You believe that the best way to limit the harm of the corporate
wrongdoing is to cooperate with corporations. What
approach is this?
A. Punitive C. Compliance
B. Deterrence D. Adjudicative
2. You feel that the charter of a corporation would never give its executive power to break any law. Therefore, if an executive of the corporation breaks the law, or sets a corporate policy that breaks the law, the corporation is not responsible.
What theory is this?
A. Ultra vires C. Imputation
B. Identification D. Juristic
3. Which regulatory agency was the first to be established in
the United States?
A. NLRB C. CPSC
B. EPA D. ICC
4. You?re a state legislator from Illinois. You believe that laws should help the state? long-term survival, rather than that of the capitalist elites. What perspective is this?
A. Instrumentalist C. Structuralist
B. Dialectical D. Influential
5. In the twentieth century, there were time periods when many laws regulating various
forms of business conduct evolved. Which time period is characterized by many public
interest groups lobbying for significant change?
A. Progressive Era (1900s) C. World War II Era (1940s)
B. New Deal Era (1930s) D. The Great Society Era (1970s)
6. You?re a reformer who wishes to punish white collar criminals. What is your best tool or tools?
A. Civil suits C. A perp walk
B. The ECUs D. An independent counsel
7. You?re a real estate developer. In the past, a citizen?s group has opposed your plan to build a mall. Now you want to expand this mall. You want protection against any more trouble. You may file a _______ lawsuit.
A. strategic C. class action
B. citizen?s D. collateral civil
8. You?re a reformer who?s very concerned about safe products in the cosmetic industry.
Which agency are you a part of?
A. CPSC C. FDA
B. EPA D. OSHA
9. You own a manufacturing firm that uses the Mississippi River as a means to transport goods. You support laws against water pollution. What perspective is this an example of?
A. Instrumentalist C. Structuralist
B. Dialectical D. Constitutionalist
10. You believe that when the United States changes into a society of democratic socialism, much white collar crime will cease. What theory is this an example of?
A. Structural transformation C. Enforced self-regulation
B. Corporate dissolution D. Enforcement pyramid
11. You favor regulation to prevent massive stock manipulations. Which agency do you
support?
A. FDA C. FTC
B. SEC D. OSHA
12. What did the famous Carrier?s case of 1473 establish a legal foundation regarding?
A. Land sale C. Price fixing
B. Embezzlement D. Possession
13. You run a fishing business in Alaska. Your business was badly damaged by a large oil spill. You want the corporation who owned the tanker to be punished by the court. You should file a _______ lawsuit.
A. class action C. collateral civil
B. citizen D. strategic
14. What type of law does the judicial system create?
A. Executive C. Administrative
B. Constitutional D. Case
15. Which regulatory agency is responsible for policing unfair business practices such as
deceptive advertising?
A. FDA C. FTC
B. SEC D. OSHA
16. Who will pursue white collar criminal cases most often?
A. Federal prosecutors C. Private policing organizations
B. Regulatory agencies D. Judges
17. You?re a member of a private security firm that investigates white collar crime. You?ll
most likely
A. recover stolen funds. C. become a whistleblower.
B. press charges. D. try a case before a jury.
18. You?re an accountant for a firm that has defrauded its clients. Your firm is ordered to
repay them. This is an example of
A. newsmaking criminology. C. negative civil sanctions.
B. occupational disqualification. D. adverse publicity.
19. You?re a stockbroker. You support laws that prohibit insider trading. Which approach to
lawmaking is this?
A. Instrumentalist C. Structuralist
B. Influential D. Dialectical
20. You?re a reformer who wishes to make corporations more accountable. You favor regulation
so that public interest groups are involved in regulating corporations. Whatapproach is this?
A. Enforced self-regulation C. Restitution
B. Enforcement pyramid D. Tripartism

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